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B35-B49 Other Viral Diseases

B35 Dermatophytosis

B36 Other Superficial Mycoses

B37 Candidiasis

B38 Coccidioidomycosis

B39 Histoplasmosis

B39.9 Histoplasmosis- Unspecified-Fungal Eye Infections

B40 Blastomycosis

B41 Paracoccidioidomycosis

B42 Sporotrichosis


Disseminated Sporotrichosis


Other Forms of Sporotrichosis


Pulmonary Sporotrichosis

B42.1 Lymphocutaneous Sporotrichosis

B42.9 Sporotrichosis- Unspecified

B42.9 Sporotrichosis- Unspecified-Fungal Eye Infections

B43 Chromomycosis & Pheomycotic Abscess

B44 Aspergillosis

B45 Cryptococcosis

B45.9 Cryptococcosis Unspecified-Fungal Eye Infections

B46 Zygomycosis

B47 Mycetoma

B48 Other Mycoses-Not Elsewhere Classified

B49 Unspecified Mycosis




Mycoses B35-B49 >


Dermatophytosis B35- >




infections due to species of Epidermophyton, Micro-sporum and Trichophyton


Clinical Information

A disease of the scalp that may affect the glabrous skin and the nails

and is recognized by the concave sulfur-yellow crusts that form around

loose, wiry hairs. Atrophy ensues, leaving a smooth, glossy, thin,

paper-white patch. This type of disease is rare in the United States

and more frequently seen in the middle east, africa, southeastern

europe, and other countries bordering the mediterranean sea


Candidiasis B37- >




Clinical Information

A condition in which candida albicans, a type of yeast, grows out

of control in moist skin areas of the body. It is usually a result

of a weakened immune system, but can be a side effect of chemotherapy

or treatment with antibiotics. Thrush usually affects the mouth

(oral thrush); however, rarely, it spreads throughout the entire body.

Infection with a fungus of the genus candida. It is usually a

superficial infection of the moist areas of the body and is generally

caused by candida albicans. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Infection with a fungus of the genus candida; usually a superficial

infection of the moist areas of the body and is generally caused by

candida albicans; includes chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, cutaneous

candidiasis, oral candidiasis (thrush), and monilial vaginitis.


Coccidioidomycosis B38- >


Clinical Information

A fungal infection caused by coccidioides immitis. Affected individuals

usually have mild flu-like symptoms. However, pneumonia and systemic

involvement with the formation of abscesses may develop as complications

of the disease.

Infection with a fungus of the genus coccidioides, endemic to the

southwestern United States. It is sometimes called valley fever but

should not be confused with rift valley fever. Infection is caused by

inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form

of fungal spores. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited

respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic,

progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be

detected by use of coccidioidin.

Infection with a fungus of the genus coccidioides, species c. Immitis;

primary form is an acute, benign, self limited respiratory infection

due to inhalation of spores and varying in severity; secondary form is

a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with

systemic involvement.

Valley fever is a disease caused by a fungus (or mold) called coccidioides.

The fungi live in the soil of dry areas like the southwestern United States

Anyone exposed to the fungus can get the infection. The highest risk is for

eople whose jobs expose them to soil dust. These include construction

workers, agricultural workers, and military forces doing field training.

The infection cannot spread from person to person.valley fever is often

mild, with no symptoms. If you have symptoms, they may include a flu-like

illness, with fever, cough, headache, rash and muscle aches. Most people

get better within several weeks or months. A small number of people may

develop a chronic lung or widespread infection.valley fever is diagnosed

by testing your blood, other body fluids, or tissues. Many people with

the acute infection get better without treatment. In some cases, doctors

may prescribe antifungal drugs for acute infections. Severe infections

require antifungal drugs.


Histoplasmosis B39- >

Clinical Information

A disease caused by the fungus histoplasma capsulatum. It primarily

affects the lungs but can also occur as a disseminated disease that

affects additional organs. The acute respiratory disease has symptoms

similar to those of a cold or flu and it usually resolves without

treatment in healthy individuals. The disseminated form is generally

fatal if untreated.

A kind of fungal infection

Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus (or mold.) the fungus

is common in the eastern and central United States. It grows in soil

nd material contaminated with bat or bird droppings. You get infected

by breathing the fungal spores. You cannot get the infection from

someone else.histoplasmosis is often mild, with no symptoms. If you

do get sick, it usually affects your lungs. Symptoms include feeling

ill, fever, chest pains, and a dry cough. In severe cases,

histoplasmosis spreads to other organs; this is called disseminated

disease. Disseminated disease is more common in infants, young

children, seniors, and people with immune system problems.tests for

histoplasmosis include blood or urine tests and tissue samples.

Chest x-rays and ct scans may also help to diagnose it. Mild cases

usually get better without treatment. Treatment of severe or chronic

cases is with antifungal drugs. Centers for Disease Control and


Infection resulting from inhalation or ingestion of spores of the

fungus of the genus histoplasma, species h. Capsulatum. It is worldwide

in distribution and particularly common in the midwestern United States.

Infection resulting from inhalation or ingestion of spores of the

fungus of the genus histoplasma; worldwide in distribution and

particularly common in the midwestern United States.


Blastomycosis B40- >

Clinical Information

A fungal infection caused by inhalation of spores of blastomyces

dermatitidis. It presents with flu-like symptoms including fever,

chills, cough, pleuritic chest pain and myalgias. It may lead

to a chronic granulomatous pulmonary infection and disseminate

to other anatomic sites including skin, nervous system and bones.

A fungal infection that may appear in two forms: 1, a primary

lesion characterized by the formation of a small cutaneous nodule

and small nodules along the lymphatics that may heal within several

months; and 2, chronic granulomatous lesions characterized by thick

crusts, warty growths, and unusual vascularity and infection in the

middle or upper lobes of the lung.

Infection caused by fungi of the genus blastomyces.


Paracoccidioidomycosis B41- >


Brazilian blastomycosis

Lutz' disease

Clinical Information

A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes,

and internal organs. It is caused by paracoccidioides brasiliensis.

It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance

of p. Brasiliensis to blastomyces brasiliensis (blastomyces) may

cause misdiagnosis.

A systemic fungal infection caused by paracoccidioides brasiliensis

that is most often seen in immunocompromised patients. It affects

the mucous membranes, lymph nodes, lungs and bones.


Sporotrichosis B42- >


Clinical Information

The commonest and least serious of the deep mycoses, characterized

by nodular lesions of the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. It is

caused by inhalation of contaminated dust or by infection of a wound.


Aspergillosis B44- >



Clinical Information

An infectious fungal disease that occurs most often in the skin,

ears, nasal sinuses, and lungs of people with suppressed immune


Aspergillosis is a disease caused by a fungus (or mold) that is

very common in the environment. There are different kinds of

aspergillosis. One kind is allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

(also called abpa). Symptoms of abpa include wheezing and coughing.

Abpa can affect healthy people but it is most common in people

ith asthma or cystic fibrosis.another kind is invasive aspergillosis,

which invades and damages tissues in the body. It usually affects

the lungs, but it can also cause infection in other organs and

spread throughout the body. It affects people who have immune

system problems, such as people who have had a transplant, are

taking high doses of steroids, or getting chemotherapy for some

cancers.your doctor might do a variety of tests to make the diagnosis,

including a chest x-ray, ct scan of the lungs, or examining tissues

for signs of the fungus. Treatment is with antifungal drugs.


Cryptococcosis B45- >

Clinical Information

An acute or chronic, localized or disseminated infection by

cryptococcus neoformans. Sites of involvement include the lungs,

central nervous system and meninges, skin, and visceral organs.

Infection with a fungus of the species cryptococcus neoformans.

Disease condition caused by species of aspergillus and marked by

inflammatory granulomatous lesions in the skin, ear, orbit, nasal

sinuses, lungs, and sometimes in the bones and meninges.

Infections with fungi of the genus aspergillus.


Zygomycosis B46- >


Clinical Information

Any infection due to a fungus of the zygomycota phylum. The disease

typically involves the rhino-facial-cranial area, lungs, gastrointestinal

tract, skin, or less commonly other organ systems. The infecting fungi

have a predilection for invading vessels of the arterial system,

causing embolization and subsequent necrosis of surrounding tissue.

Infection in humans and animals caused by fungi in the class

zygomycetes. It includes mucormycosis and entomophthoramycosis.

The latter is a tropical infection of subcutaneous tissue or

paranasal sinuses caused by fungi in the order entomophthorales.

Phycomycosis, closely related to zygomycosis, describes infection

with members of phycomycetes, an obsolete classification.


Mycetoma B47- >


Clinical Information

A chronic granulomatous inflammation involving the deep dermis

and the subcutaneous tissues. It is caused by fungi and actinomycetes.

A chronic progressive subcutaneous infection caused by species of

fungi (eumycetoma), or actinomycetes (actinomycetoma). It is

characterized by tumefaction, abscesses, and tumor-like granules

representing microcolonies of pathogens, such as madurella fungi

and bacteria actinomycetes, with different grain colors.


Unspecified mycosis B49- >


Applicable To

Fungemia NOS

Clinical Information

An infection caused by a fungus.

An infection caused by eukaryotic heterotrophic organisms that

live as saprobes or parasites, including mushrooms, yeasts, smuts,

molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have

life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi

refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies (mushrooms

and molds).

Disease caused by a fungus.

If you have ever had athlete's foot or a yeast infection, you can

blame a fungus. A fungus is actually a primitive vegetable. Mushrooms,

mold and mildew are examples. Fungi live in air, in soil, on plants and

in water. Some live in the human body. Only about half of all types of

fungi are harmful.some fungi reproduce through tiny spores in the air.

You can inhale the spores or they can land on you. As a result, fungal

infections often start in the lungs or on the skin. You are more likely

to get a fungal infection if you have a weakened immune system or take

antibiotics.fungi can be difficult to kill. For skin and nail infections,

you can apply medicine directly to the infected area. Oral antifungal

medicines are also available for serious infections.

The presence of fungi circulating in the blood. Opportunistic fungal

sepsis is seen most often in immunosuppressed patients with severe

neutropenia or in postoperative patients with intravenous catheters and

usually follows prolonged antibiotic therapy.


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