B50-B64 Protozoal Diseases
B50 Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria
Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria with Cerebral Complications
Other Severe & Complicated Plasmodium Falciparum
B51 Plasmodium Vivax Malaria
Plasmodium Vivax Malaria with Rupture of
Plasmodium Vivax Malaria with Other Complications
Plasmodium Vivax Malaria without Complication
B52 Plasmodium Malariae Malaria
Plasmodium Malariae Malaria with Other Complications
Plasmodium Malariae Malaria without Complication
B53 Other Specified Malaria
Plasmodium Ovale Malaria
Malaria due to Simian Plasmodia
Other Parasitologically Confirmed Malaria-Not Elsewhere Classified
B54 Unspecified Malaria
B55.2 Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis
B56 African Trypanosomiasis
B56.1 Rhodesiense Trypanosomiasis
B57 Chagas Disease
Acute Chagas Disease with Heart Involvement
Acute Chagas Disease without Heart Involvement
Chagas Disease (Chronic) with Heart Involvement
Chagas Disease (Chronic) with Digestive System Involvement
Chagas Disease (Chronic) with Nervous System Involvement
Chagas Disease (Chronic) with Other Organ Involvement
B58.3 Toxoplasmosis Pulmonary
B58.8 Toxoplasmosis with Other Organ Involvement
B60 Other Protozoal Diseases-Not Elsewhere Classified
B64 Unspecified Protozoal Disease
Unspecified Protozoal Disease
Protozoal diseases B50-B64 >
Plasmodium falciparum malaria B50- >
mixed infections of Plasmodium falciparum with
any other Plasmodium species
Malaria caused by plasmodium falciparum. This
is the severest form of malaria and is associated
with the highest levels of parasites in the blood.
This disease is characterized by irregularly
recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases
occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal
Plasmodium vivax malaria B51- >
mixed infections of Plasmodium vivax with other
Plasmodium species, except Plasmodium falciparum
Malaria caused by plasmodium vivax. This form of
malaria is less severe than malaria, falciparum,
but there is a higher probability for relapses to
occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other
Plasmodium malariae malaria B52- >
mixed infections of Plasmodium malariae with
other Plasmodium species, except Plasmodium
falciparum and Plasmodium vivax
Unspecified malaria B54- >
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four
species of the plasmodium genus: plasmodium
falciparum; plasmodium vivax; plasmodium ovale;
and plasmodium malariae; and transmitted by the
bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus
anopheles. Malaria is endemic in parts of asia,
africa, central and south america, oceania,
and certain caribbean islands. It is
characterized by extreme exhaustion
associated with paroxysms of high fever;
sweating; shaking chills; and anemia. Malaria
in animals is caused by other species of plasmodia.
A protozoan infection caused by the genus plasmodium.
There are four species of plasmodium that can infect
humans: plasmodium falciparum, vivax, ovale, and malariae.
It is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes.
Signs and symptoms include paroxysmal high fever,
sweating, chills, and anemia.
Malaria is a serious disease caused by a parasite.
Infected mosquitoes spread it. Malaria is a major
cause of death worldwide, but it is almost wiped
out in the United States. The disease is mostly
a problem in developing countries with warm climates.
If you travel to these countries, you are at risk.
There are four different types of malaria caused
by four related parasites. The most deadly type
occurs in africa south of the sahara desert.malaria
symptoms include chills, flu-like symptoms, fever,
vomiting, diarrhea and jaundice. The disease can
be life-threatening. However, you can treat malaria
with medicines. The type of medicine depends on
which kind of malaria you have and where you were
infected. Malaria can be prevented. When traveling
to malaria-prone regions
see your doctor for medicines that protect you
wear insect repellent with deet
sleep under mosquito netting
Protozoan disease caused in humans by four species
of the genus plasmodium (p. Falciparum, p. Vivax,
p. Ovale, and p. Malariae) and transmitted by the
bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus
anopheles; malaria is endemic in parts of asia,
africa, central and south america, oceania, and
certain caribbean islands; characterized by extreme
exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high fever,
sweating, shaking chills, and anemia; malaria in
animals is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Leishmaniasis B55- >
A disease caused by any of a number of species
of protozoa in the genus leishmania. There are
four major clinical types of this infection:
cutaneous (old and new world) (leishmaniasis,
cutaneous), diffuse cutaneous (leishmaniasis,
diffuse cutaneous), mucocutaneous (leishmaniasis,
mucocutaneous), and visceral (leishmaniasis, visceral).
A parasitic infection caused by protozoa of the
genus leishmania. It is transmitted to humans
via the bite of sandflies. There are three main
forms of the disease: cutaneous, mucocutaneous,
and visceral leishmaniasis. Cutaneous leishmaniasis
causes skin ulcers; mucocutaneous leishmaniasis
causes destructive lesions of the mucous membranes
of the nose, mouth, and throat; visceral leishmaniasis
is the most severe form of the disease and is
manifested with anemia, weight loss, hepatomegaly
Disease caused by any of a number of species of
protozoa in the genus leishmania; there are four
major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous
(old and new world), diffuse cutaneous, mucocutaneous,
and visceral; visceral is characterized by fever,
chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly,
leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation,
and an earth-gray color of the skin; cutaneous
is characterized by development of single or
multiple localized lesions on exposed areas
of skin that typically ulcerate.
African trypanosomiasis B56- >
A disease endemic among people and animals in
central africa. It is caused by various species
of trypanosomes, particularly t. Gambiense and
t. Rhodesiense. Its second host is the tsetse fly.
Involvement of the central nervous system produces
"african sleeping sickness." nagana is a rapidly
fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.
A parasitic disorder caused by protozoa of the
trypanosoma brucei species. It is transmitted by
flies and is endemic in various regions of sub-saharan
africa. Signs and symptoms include fever, joint pain,
headache, and significant swelling of the lymph nodes.
If left untreated, the parasitic infection causes
anemia, heart, kidney, and endocrine failure, and
neurologic damage. Subsequently patients develop
confusion, disruption of the sleep cycle, and
mental deterioration. The infection may lead to
coma and death.
Chagas' disease B57- >
infection due to Trypanosoma cruzi
A parasitic infection caused by trypanosoma cruzi.
It is transmitted by insect bites. It is
characterized by an acute and chronic phase;
in the acute phase patients may have fever,
malaise, and swelling at the site of the insect
bite. In the chronic phase patients develop
hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, cardiomyopathy
Chagas disease is caused by a parasite. It is common
in latin america but not in the United States.
Infected blood-sucking bugs, sometimes called
kissing bugs, spread it. When an infected bug bites
you, usually on your face, it leaves behind infected
waste. You can get the infection if you rub it in
your eyes or nose, the bite wound or a cut. The
disease can also spread through contaminated food,
a blood transfusion, a donated organ or from mother
to baby during pregnancy.if you notice symptoms,
they might include
a swollen eyelid
these early symptoms usually go away. However, if
you don't treat the infection, it remains. Later,
it can cause serious intestinal and heart problems.
Medicines can kill the parasite, especially early on.
You can also treat related problems. For example, a
pacemaker helps with certain heart complications.
Infection with the protozoan parasite trypanosoma
cruzi, a form of trypanosomiasis endemic in central
and south america. It is named after the brazilian
physician carlos chagas, who discovered the parasite.
Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result
only) is distinguished from the clinical
manifestations that develop years later, such as
destruction of parasympathetic ganglia; chagas
cardiomyopathy; and dysfunction of the esophagus
Toxoplasmosis B58- >
infection due to Toxoplasma gondii
A parasitic disease contracted by the ingestion or
fetal transmission of toxoplasma gondii.
An infection by a parasite called toxoplasma gondii
The acquired form of infection by toxoplasma gondii
in animals and man.
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the parasite
toxoplasma gondii. More than 60 million people in the
United States Have the parasite. Most of them don't
get sick. But the parasite causes serious problems
for some people. These include people with weak
immune systems and babies whose mothers become
infected for the first time during pregnancy.
Problems can include damage to the brain, eyes
and other organs. You can get toxoplasmosis from
waste from an infected cat
eating contaminated meat that is raw or not well
using utensils or cutting boards after they've
had contact with raw meat
drinking infected water
receiving an infected organ transplant or blood
most people with toxoplasmosis don't need treatment.
There are drugs to treat it for pregnant women and
people with weak immune systems.
Pneumocystosis B59- >
Pneumonia due to Pneumocystis carinii
Pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jiroveci
A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in
immunodeficient or malnourished patients or
infants, characterized by dyspnea, tachypnea,
and hypoxemia. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a
frequently seen opportunistic infection in aids.
It is caused by the fungus pneumocystis jirovecii.
The disease is also found in other mammals where
it is caused by related species of pneumocystis.
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (pcp). Pneumonia
resulting from infection with pneumocystis carinii,
frequently seen in the immunologically compromised,
such as persons with aids, or steroid-treated individuals,
the elderly, or premature or debilitated babies during
their first three months. Patients may be only slightly
febrile (or even afebrile), but are likely to be
extremely weak, dyspneic, and cyanotic. This is a
major cause of morbidity among patients with aids.
Pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient
or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by
dyspnea, tachypnea, and hypoxemia; pneumocystis pneumonia
is a frequent opportunistic infection in aids; also found
in other mammals where it is caused by related species
Unspecified protozoal disease B64- >
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly
members of the subkingdom protozoa.
Infections with unicellular organisms of the